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Preventive Maintenance

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ENGINE OIL

 

 Checking and changing oil is critical to keep today’s engines running properly and efficiently. Check the oil level by removing the dipstick, wipe it clean. . Insert it fully and remove it again. If it is low, top up with recommended grade of oil. To get optimum performance, the oil should be changed as per vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations.

Power Steering Fluid

Check the power steering fluid level once a month. Check it by removing the reservoir dipstick. If the level is low, add fluid and inspect the pump and hoses for leaks. Low power steering fluid may indicate a leak.

Transmission Fluid

Checking the automatic transmission fluid (ATF)is another important item on the maintenance checklist. Check automatic transmission fluid monthly and top up with recommended type fluid, if needed. Never overfill.

Brake Fluid and Brakes

Check to ensure that brake fluid levels are within required level. Check the brake fluid monthly. If needed top up and check for possible leaks throughout the system. Do not overfill. How often you need to replace brake pads or other components depends on how you drive and typical driving conditions. Warning signs of a brake problem include noise, vibration or “grabbing” when you apply the brakes.

Engine coolant

 

Replace most engine coolant or antifreeze every 50,000 K.m – or every two to three years. Newer formulas, however, may last up to 80,000 K.m. To check coolant level, turn the car off and wait for the engine to cool. Locate the coolant reservoir (usually a translucent plastic tank) and eyeball the level of the coolant against the full and low indicators.

Air Filter

Basic  maintenance suggests changing air filter each year or every 20,000-25,000 K.m.. A clean air filter can help r engine “breathe” better and improve gas mileage and reduce harmful emissions. Check it every month. Replace it when it becomes dirty or as part of a tune -up.

Oil Filter

Replace oil filter with every oil change.

Fuel Filter

Replace it annually to help prevent debris from clogging fuel line.

Battery


 Extreme caution should be taken while handling a battery since it can produce explosive gases. It is advisable not to smoke, create a spark or light a match near a battery. Always wear protective glasses and gloves.
 

Belts and Hoses

Inspect belts and hoses smoothly. Replace glazed, worn or frayed belts. Replace bulging, rotten or brittle hoses and tighten clamps. If a hose looks bad, or feels too soft or too hard, it should be replaced.

Exhaust

Inspect for loose or broken exhaust clamps and supports, holes in muffler or pipes and replace the worn out parts. Check the emission   periodically.

Lights

  

Ensure that all lights are clean and working, including the brake lights, indicator, emergency flashers etc. Spare bulbs and fuses  must be kept in the vehicle.

 

Shock Absorbers

Check for oil seepage on shock absorbers, test shock action by bouncing the car up and down. Worn or leaking shock absorbers should be replaced in pairs.

 

Tyres

Inflate tyres to recommended pressure and check for cuts, bulges and excessive tread wear.  Check for uneven wear as it indicates tyres are misaligned or out of balance. Get the alignment and wheel balancing done immediately.

 

 

TIRE ROTATION AND INSPECTION

Rotate the tires and wheels at frequent intervals to equalize wear. In addition to scheduled rotation, rotate the tires and wheels whenever uneven tire wear is noticed.

Radial tires tend to wear faster in the shoulder area, particularly in front positions. Radial tires in non-drive locations may develop an irregular wear pattern that may increase tire noise. This makes regular rotation especially necessary.

Always use a four-wheel rotation. After rotation, check the wheel nuts. for specified torque, thenset the tirepressure.

 
 

Windshield Wipers and Wiper Fluid

 Windshield wiper care is one of the most neglected basic car care tips. Inspect the windscreen wiper blades .Replace the blades every six to 12 months or whenever the rubber becomes worn. Check the wiper fluid reservoir every week or so and keep it full.

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