Blog Single

factors that influence alcohol use: The Role of Selected Factors in the Development and Consequences of Alcohol Dependence PMC

factors that influence alcohol use
factors that influence alcohol use

Be sure to ask your doctor or pharmacist if any of the medications you take can have this effect. As people get older, they usually have a higher fat-to-muscle ratio and less body water, so with the same amount of intake they may have a higher concentration of alcohol in the blood than younger people of the same weight. In addition, many older people take prescribed and over-the-counter medications that may interact with alcohol. The slower reaction times and problems with seeing and hearing put older people who are intoxicated at higher risk for falls and traffic accidents.

Once people begin drinking excessively, the problem can perpetuate itself. Heavy drinking can cause physiological changes that make more drinking the only way to avoid discomfort. Individuals with alcohol dependence may drink partly to reduce or avoid withdrawal symptoms. In the study process, we used a validated questionnaire, which was developed under the circumstance of Bhutanese cultures and societal perception on alcohol use among the young adult population or university students. Its validity and reliability were also verified in samples who lived in Bhutan and had similar characteristics with the study samples before use.

The BMI-for-age was calculated for each student using his/her weight and height measurement. The cut-off values for BMI-for-age were based on WHO reference values for adolescents. Alcohol dependence is a chronic medical condition that involves excessive drinking, tolerance to alcohol, and the emergence of withdrawal symptoms in the absence of the substance. Staying healthy and maintaining your sobriety takes time and dedication.

As shown by the results, school-attending adolescents have poor knowledge of the disadvantages of alcohol, thus improving their knowledge on this topic might show a significant association with a later decrease in their alcohol consumption. When designing health education programmes to provide knowledge of alcohol, other factors that promote alcohol use should also be considered. Apart from educating young people on the ill effects of substance use, focus should be directed toward equipping them with skills such as how to refuse persuasion to use alcohol from friends, seniors or family members and how to reduce and quit alcohol use. In addition, prevention programmes to address alcohol use should not focus solely on the individual level, but should involve family and peers. Peer education programmes could be facilitated to reduce alcohol consumption among adolescents attending school. Peer learning has been widely used in health education and has been effective at reducing health-risk behaviours.

Familial Factors

Many individuals with psychological illnesses turn to alcohol as a method of coping with their illness. For example, some with schizophrenia claim that alcohol “quiets” the voices in their head; some with depression claim that alcohol elevates their mood. This is especially common in individuals who have not been diagnosed or who have found that medication creates unpleasant side effects. Additionally, many psychological disorders reduce an individual’s ability to perceive the reality of their drinking or acknowledge risks and warning signs. Certain psychological conditions greatly impact the likelihood that someone will develop alcoholism.

What are 5 factors that influence the effect that alcohol has on a person?

  • sex.
  • mental and physical health.
  • medical conditions.
  • use of other drugs and medications.

Women develop long-term complications of alcohol dependence more rapidly than do men, women also have a higher mortality rate from alcoholism than men. Examples of long-term complications include brain, heart, and liver damage and an increased risk of breast cancer. Additionally, heavy drinking over time has been found to have a negative effect on reproductive functioning in women. This results in reproductive dysfunction such as anovulation, decreased ovarian mass, problems or irregularity of the menstrual cycle, and early menopause. Alcoholic ketoacidosis can occur in individuals who chronically misuse alcohol and have a recent history of binge drinking. The amount of alcohol that can be biologically processed and its effects differ between sexes.

Psychiatric Comorbidity As a Factor in Alcohol’s Effect on the Brain

These findings are suggestive of more evidence-based interventions that would have greater impact in addressing alcohol use among adolescents, such as focusing on availability, marketing, and taxation of alcoholic beverages. Benzodiazepines, while useful in the management of acute alcohol withdrawal, if used long-term can cause a worse outcome in alcoholism. Alcoholics on chronic benzodiazepines have a lower rate of achieving abstinence from alcohol than those not taking benzodiazepines. This class of drugs is commonly prescribed to alcoholics for insomnia or anxiety management.

Association analyses of the serotonin transporter gene with lifetime depression and alcohol dependence in the Collaborative Study on the Genetics of Alcoholism sample. Carlson SR, Iacono WG, McGue M. P300 amplitude in adolescent twins discordant and concordant for alcohol use disorders. Mean performances on the cognitive neuropsychological test clusters for family history–positive (FH+) and family history–negative (FH−) alcoholics and eco sober house ma nonalcoholic peer control subjects. The FH+ alcoholics differed significantly from the FH− control subjects on all of the performance clusters. The FH− alcoholics and FH+ control subjects did not differ significantly from each other on any of the clusters. Despite the strength of these findings, it should again be noted that much of the work conducted with women has not fully accounted for metabolic differences between the genders.

factors that influence alcohol use

Sullivan EV, Fama R, Rosenbloom MJ, Pfefferbaum A. A profile of neuropsychological deficits in alcoholic women. Pfefferbaum A, Sullivan EV, Mathalon DH, Lim KO. Frontal lobe volume loss observed with magnetic resonance imaging in older chronic alcoholics. Pfefferbaum A, Sullivan EV. Microstructural but not macrostructural disruption of white matter in women with chronic alcoholism. Pfefferbaum A, Rosenbloom M, Serventi KL, Sullivan EV. Corpus callosum, pons, and cortical white matter in alcoholic women. McGue M. A behavioral-genetic perspective on children of alcoholics.

Alcohol Addiction Treatment at America’s Rehab Campuses

A heavy drinking binge may even cause a life-threatening coma or death. This is of particular concern when you’re taking certain medications that also depress the brain’s function. If your pattern of drinking results in repeated significant distress and problems functioning in your daily life, you likely have alcohol use disorder.

factors that influence alcohol use

And although there is no one reason behind the disorder, certain factors may increase a person’s likelihood of developing alcoholism. High-stress levels are excessive feelings of physical or emotional tension. Cumulative life stressors can produce significant changes in drinking behavior because stressful events tend to increase anxiety, and people consume alcohol to reduce anxiety. However, this relief from stress is only temporary and once the effects of alcohol wear off, feelings of anxiety come back worse. Roughly 43% of Americans have been exposed to alcoholism in the family. An estimated one-third of alcohol abusers report experiencing a mental illness.

Drinking History Factors

Drinking alcohol while taking painkillers creates a “bottleneck” in the liver. The drug is processed incorrectly, the bi-products kill liver cells, and alcohol is metabolized slower. It’s also important not to mix alcohol with other depressants, which includes some antihistamines. Energy drinks mask the effects of alcohol by giving you a sense of energy, and the false sense that you are not that intoxicated. Mixing alcohol and energy drinks can cause heart failure because they are opposing stressors on the body’s regulatory systems.

What are the 4 factors of alcohol?

Genetic, psychological, social and environmental factors can impact how drinking alcohol affects your body and behavior. Theories suggest that for certain people drinking has a different and stronger impact that can lead to alcohol use disorder.

Rather than feel the need to drink, offer to be designated driver. Starting college or a new job can also make you more susceptible to alcoholism. During these times, you’re looking to make new friends and develop relationships with peers. The desire to fit in and be well-liked may cause you to participate in activities that you normally wouldn’t partake in.

Factors associated with different forms of alcohol use behaviors among college students in Bhutan: a cross-sectional study

The more symptoms a person has, the more severe his or her alcohol addiction is likely to be. Prescott CA, Kendler KS. Genetic and environmental contributions to alcohol abuse and dependence in a population-based sample of male twins. Brain activation, response inhibition, and increased risk for substance use disorder. Developmental delay in P300 production in children at high risk for developing alcohol-related disorders.

  • Individuals in their early to mid-twenties are the most likely to abuse alcohol and suffer from alcohol use disorders.
  • Drinking too much on a regular basis for an extended period or binge drinking on a regular basis can lead to alcohol-related problems or alcohol use disorder.
  • 16 Cronbach’s α was obtained to assess the consistency of all attitude items and to determine if the data were suitable to be treated as continuous.
  • It directly influences the stomach, brain, heart, gallbladder, and liver.

While drinking early on can increase the likelihood of alcohol abuse, alcoholism can affect anyone at any age. After a long period of drinking, your brain begins to rely on alcohol to produce certain chemicals. This is what makes it difficult for heavy drinkers to quit and can cause uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms. As it develops, it impairs the individual’s ability to make sound decisions and exert self-control. That said, the initial decision to drink is usually voluntary, and specific factors can help an individual make the healthy choice to avoid alcohol abuse.

Researchers have investigated drinking behaviors, their etiology, and outcomes among women for several decades (e.g., Fabian et al. 1984; Glenn and Parsons 1992; Nixon and Glenn 1995; Sullivan et al. 2002). These data suggest that the rate of progression of problematic drinking and subsequent risk for alcohol-related consequences may be different for men and women. mash certified sober homes Historically, men have reported an earlier age of onset of alcohol use initiation than women (Chou and Dawson 1994; Gomberg 1993). A person’s drinking history heavily influences their likelihood of developing alcoholism. Individuals with a long history of drinking are more likely to become alcoholics than those who have been drinking alcohol for less time.

factors that influence alcohol use

TD designed the study, collected data, analyzed data, and drafted final version of the manuscript. PS designed, analyzed data, and approved the final version of the manuscript. TA conceived and designed this study, analyzed and interpreted data, drafted the manuscript, and approved the final version of the manuscript. We would like to Mae Fah Luang University and Thailand International Cooperation Agency for the grant. We also would like to thank Royal University of Bhutan and all the participants for providing all essential information. Talk openly with your child, spend quality time together and become actively involved in your child’s life.

What are the 6 factors that influence alcohol?

Genetics, body weight, gender, age, what type of beverage, food in your stomach, medications in your system, and your state of health, influence how people respond to alcohol.

Leave A Comment

Call Us Now
<a href="http://+91 9423187924">+91 94231 87924</a>